25 kilometres east of the Turks Islands and separated from them by Mouchoir Passage, as no emergent cays or islets, it is part of the Turks and Caicos Islands and falls within its EEZ. Mouchoir Bank measures 960 km in area. Two banks further east, Silver Bank and Navidad Bank.
North side is awash in two groupings of coral reef. A 1.8 m deep rock lies between the two groupings. Numerous shallow patches on the bank which break. North East Breaker is a dangerous rock in the northeast. Mouchoir Passage, which separates Mouchoir Bank from the Turks islands, is about 16 miles wide and very deep.